Monday, May 25, 2020

Attachment, A Deep And Emotional Bond - 1477 Words

When we consider the term attachment we may look to John Bowlby for an explanation who stated that ‘attachment is a deep and emotional bond that connects one person to another through space and time’ this is a great analogy, however what we do know about attachment is that it can be one sided, it is possible for one person to attach themselves or create a bond with a person that doesn’t reciprocate their feelings. An attachment may be considered as a likeness or kinship when the feeling is mutual. Sociability is characterised as a personality trait, such as ‘she is very social’ however this does not mean that a social person generates ‘connections’ with people, for instance a child can be very social within their peer group but may struggle to empathise with their peers as they cannot form a secure bond. 1.3, 1.2, 2.2 Question 1. Q-Name two studies into attachment theory and explain their outcomes? A- †¢ John Bowlby- ‘Maternal deprivation hypothesis’ Bowlby proposed mental health and behavioural problems could be traced back to early childhood. His theory was that children should not be deprived of contact with their mother in the primary stages of development as this is when relationships and bonds are being formed. He believed that the consequences of maternal depravation would have devastating effects on the child as they developed into adulthood, He believed that this would lead the individual to have mental health problems or to be deviant. ‘What is believed to beShow MoreRelatedAttachment Theory : A Deep Emotional Bond775 Words   |  4 PagesAttachment theory is a deep emotional bond that connects the child to the caregiver across time and space. The child is attached by specific behaviors in children, such a seeking proximity with a primary caregiver when the parent is upset or threatened. The types of attachment styles are secure attachment; Preoccupied attachment; Dismissing Attachment; and â€Å"Unresolved for Trauma or Loss’ Attachment (Levy, Ellison, Scott, Bernecker, 2011). The Secure attachment are when children or adults are openRead MoreAttachment : A Deep And Enduring Emotional Bond1313 Words   |  6 Pages Attachment: An Analysis â€Å"Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space’’ Mary Ainsworth (1973) In this essay I will explore the meaning and purpose of attachment and discuss research into attachment concentrating on John Bowlby’s 1944 â€Å"44 thieves† study conducted to test his maternal deprivation theory and Schaffer Emerson’s 1964 â€Å" Glasgow babies† study. There are twoRead MoreHow Do Attachments in Early Childhood Can Have Positive and Negative Consequences?1363 Words   |  6 Pages Maccoby defines attachment as `a relatively enduring emotional tie to a specific other person. Human infants seem to have an innate sense of willingness to form attachment relationships almost instantly. This bonding is naturally a two way process. One of the most influential psychologists in the field of attachments is John Bowlby. Bowlby performed his elementary psychological studies in the late 1960s, which undoubtedly caused a stir amongst close families and the setting of the timesRead MoreSecure Attachment Relationship Between Young Children And Their Families898 Words   |  4 PagesSecure Attachment Relationship The mother is usually the first and primary object of attachment for an infant, but in many cultures, babies become just as attached to their fathers, siblings, and grandparents. When infants are attached to their caregivers, they gain a secure base from which babies can explore their environment and a haven of safety to return to when they are afraid. Attachment begins with physical touching and cuddling between infant and parent. Some babies become secure or insecureRead MoreThe Building Blocks Of A Lasting Love1153 Words   |  5 PagesIntimacy creates a deep emotional bond due to a hormone in the human brain known as oxytocin, after this bond is created passion deepens and commitment is soon to follow. Romantic love would not exist without the presence of intimacy; the hormone arousal that goes along with sex leads to the presence of the other two main aspects of love, passion and commitment, creating the euphoric feeling of love. Romantic love does not emerge immediately between two people. A romantic bond is created by chemicalRead MorePsychological Impacts Of Attachment Disorder1311 Words   |  6 PagesPsychological Impacts of Attachment Disorder The theory of attachment was originally developed by John Bowlby, a British psychoanalyst who was attempting to understand the extreme anguish experienced by infants who had been estranged from their parents. Attachment is the term developmental psychologists use to describe the emotional bond between infants and one or more adults. Attachment is like a security blanket. It allows infants to venture out and explore, returning to the adult as a placeRead MoreThe Long Term Health And Wellbeing Of Children ( Bowlby 1959 )1485 Words   |  6 PagesSecure attachment is fundamentally important to the long term health and wellbeing of children (Bowlby 1959). John Bowlby (1907-1990) was a psychoanalyst, he believed that the mental health and behavioural problems could recognised to early childhood. Within this assignment the author will be discussing the basic meaning of attachment, also secure and insecure attachment and why they are important. The author will also be discussing the pos itives and negatives of attachment and other theorists thatRead MoreRelationship Between Security Of Attachment And Cognitive Development1513 Words   |  7 Pagesof attachment and cognitive development creates the underlying foundation from which individual’s operate throughout the lifespan (Carruth, 2006). The security of attachment between an infant and their primary caregiver can have profound consequences for the developing brain, impacting an infant’s future relationships, self-esteem, and ability to self-regulate emotions (Carruth, 2006). Attachment theory, first theorized by John Bowlby (1988), stresses the significance of secure attachments in relationRead MoreRelationship Between Security Of Attachment And Cognitive Development1513 Words   |  7 Pagesof attachment and cognitive development creates the underlying foundation from which individual’s operate throughout the lifespan (Carruth, 2006). The security of attachment between an infant and th eir primary caregiver can have profound consequences for the developing brain, impacting an infant’s future relationships, self-esteem, and ability to self-regulate emotions (Carruth, 2006). Attachment theory, first theorized by John Bowlby (1988), stresses the significance of secure attachments in relationRead MoreSeparation And Divorce : Common Phenomena1429 Words   |  6 Pagescomes with it. Separation can destabilize the inclination that the globe or the world is safe and predictable. For young people and children, particularly younger children, the family is their world. It is the fundamental structure for providing the emotional, physical and social framework they need to develop an understanding of who they are. Children might face many losses including the loss of the family they once knew, they may loose time with parent, extended family, their family home, a pet, they

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Essay on Was Andrew Jackson a good president - 966 Words

Was Andrew Jackson a good president Andrew Jackson was born in a backwoods settlement in the Carolinas in 1776. His parents, Scotch-Irish folk, came to America two years before his birth. His mother was widowed while pregnant with him. At age 13, Andrew joined a regiment. He and his brother were both captured and imprisoned together by the British. Their mother got them released, but his brother died on the long trip home. During his independent days, he lived in a tavern with other students. He gained a reputation for charisma, and wildness and hooliganism (Morris, Introduction). After practicing law for a few years in North Carolina, he took up a job as public prosecutor. And after another several years of practicing law, he†¦show more content†¦The bank provided credit to growing enterprises, issued bank notes which served as a dependable medium of exchange throughout the country, and it exercised a restraining effect on the less well manages state banks. Nicholas Biddle, who ran the Bank, tried to put the institution on a sound and prosperous basis. But Andrew Jackson was always determined to destroy it (Brinkley, 249). The Bank had two opposition groups: the â€Å"soft-money† faction and the â€Å"hard-money† faction. Soft money advocates objected to the Bank of the United States because it restrained the state banks from issuing notes freely. Hard money advocates believed that coin was the only safe currency, and they condemned all banks that issued bank notes. Although Jackson was a hard money supporter, he was sensitive to his many soft money supporters, and made it clear that he would object to renewing the charter of the Bank of the United States, which was due to expire in 1836. When Jackson could not legally abolish the Bank of the United States before the expiration of its charter, he weakened it by removing the government’s deposits from the bank. Jackson fired two of his secretary of treasury when they refused to carry out the order because they believed that such an action would destabilize the financial system. Jackson got Roger Taney to carry out his order. Taney took the deposits out of the Bank of theShow MoreRelatedAndrew Jackson 3 Essays1624 Words   |  7 PagesMcQuade U.S. History 1-c Laba term paper April 17, 2013 Andrew Jackson Throughout the years there have been many presidents, but Andrew Jackson was different. He had many different policies, and his personality set him apart from a lot of other presidents. Andrew Jackson was the seventh president but some would consider him to be the first because he seemed so different from others. Andrew Jackson did not have the easiest childhood while growing up, his father hadRead MoreAndrew Jackson : Good President845 Words   |  4 PagesPresident Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson helped to provide for a strong protection of popular democracy and individual liberty to the United States. Andrew Jackson known as the people’s president held a strong emotion in the states right’s which advocated to the increase of executive power. President Andrew Jackson was good for his country, because he provided certain decisions that helped form America into a better place than where it was before. President Andrew Jackson showed significant positivesRead MoreEssay about Andrew Jackson765 Words   |  4 Pages Andrew Jackson   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Andrew Jackson was born in the Waxhaws near the border of North and South Carolina, on March 15, 1767. When Andrew Jackson was born, no one probably guessed that he would be the seventh president of the United States of America. He wasn’t a â€Å"high class† person or had all the same credentials, but he became a war hero thus lifting him to his presidency.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Andy Jackson was born the third child of Scotch-Irish parents. Jackson’s father, also named Andrew, died as a resultRead More Andrew Jackson Essay1491 Words   |  6 Pagesthings that set Andrew Jackson apart from other presidents. His policies and personality set him apart from most. Although he was the seventh president, he was the first in many ways. Jackson was the first president to be born in a log cabin, and he was the first president to ride on a railroad train. Along with that, he was the only president to serve in both the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Andrew Jackson was also the first to have a vice-president (John C. Calhoun)Read MoreOn March 28, 1834, A Storm Arrived The United States Took1673 Words   |  7 Pagesarrived The United States took an unpresented action but it has never been repeated. Political war was a downpour in Washington, a war against the Democratic Party and the Whig Party when the Senate decided that taking ten weeks to deliberate on what ended as one paragraph was a good idea, it was just too important to ignore. Through, this single message these lawmakers wanted to send a message to the President of the United States or ‘Caesar’ as some were calling him, he had gone too far. This thing thatRead MoreThe Life Of Andrew Jackson Essay1625 Words   |  7 Pages The Life of Andrew Jackson Michael J. Ford Jr. Central High School November 9, 2015 4th Period â€Æ' Abstract In my paper I while inform you of the United States 7th president Andrew Jackson. My paper consists of interesting facts about Mr. Jackson. It isn’t like what you read about in regular history books. Although some are random there fun facts that you may or may not know about my topic. The Life of Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson was born Friday March 15, 1767. He was raised in WaxhawRead MoreEssay Andrew Jackson: A National Hero Never to be Forgotten969 Words   |  4 PagesOld Hickory was not a man to mess with. Nick-named for his toughness, our nation’s seventh president was a favorite general among his soldiers. Andrew Jackson stood for the common man, being one of the only presidents born into poverty. This victorious man shaped the modern Democratic Party we know today, and is a national hero that will never be forgotten. Andrew Jackson was born March 15, 1767 in Waxhaw, a settlement between North and South Carolina. He resided in the forested region of theRead MoreAndrew Jackson s The Trail Of Tears1224 Words   |  5 Pagescold hearted killer ANDREW JACKSON! Who is this man Andrew Jackson? Well you may have heard of him from his infamous role in the trail of tears. What is the trail of tears you may ask? Well it was a horrible period in time when Indian tribes were forced from their homeland but I do not want to go into that right now because I am not writing a paper on the Trail of tears, I am writing about the man Andrew Jackson! So lets do this thing. Lets begin at the beginning; Andrew Jackson was born on the fifteenthRead MoreAndrew Jackson: Sinner or Saint Essay622 Words   |  3 PagesOne man, Andrew Jackson, changed the role of the presidency in The United States of America forever. Andrew Jackson was the voice of the people in America. Jackson fought in the War of 1812 and led the count ry with a strong arm. However, Jackson had a barbaric way of life about himself. Jackson was the reason for many tragic events in America that were beneficial had a major effect on the country. Andrew Jackson achieved two terms from 1829-1837. Andrew Jackson was one of the most controversial presidentsRead MoreAndrew Jackson Short Biography1610 Words   |  7 PagesAndrew Jackson was the most loved yet most hated president in history. Jackson was the seventh President of the United States and one of the most controversial presidents our country has ever experienced. In fact, Thomas Jefferson once wrote, â€Å"I feel very much alarmed at the prospect of seeing General Jackson president. He is one of the most unfit men I know of for the place†¦He is a dangerous man.† This is how a backwoods boy became the face of the people when the American people needed it most while

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

What Are Stereotypes Essay - 1308 Words

Stereotypes are assumptions held about the characteristics of a particular group of people. These assumptions could be due to their race, culture, country, community and religion. Women are not as smart as men. Men are strong and do all the work. Americans are tolerant but arrogant. Girls are not good at sports. Black people are stronger than white people. Black people are criminals. Old folks are all very old fashioned. All blond women are dumb. Guys are messy and unclean. Girls are only concerned about physical appearance. Women always talk too much on the phone. All Blacks are lazy. Women are bad drivers. Muslims are terrorists. These are some famous stereotypes representing some commonly held conventional beliefs about†¦show more content†¦Clearly, there is no logic behind this stereotype. For example, if we look in the history, most of the attacks like 9/11 are done by Muslims, so it is assumed that all Muslims are terrorists. Although it is true that Muslims are involv ed in many attacks, but there are some people behind all this who try to create violence in the name of religion and who make them do this, while Islam is not about all this. These are just some violent people who try to do bad things in the name of religion. These violent people exist in every religion. Due to bad act of few people, we cannot say that all Muslims are terrorists. Another reason for the existence of stereotypes is hasty generalizations. The concept of hasty generalization is in close proximity with stereotypical generalizations. Hasty generalization is based on insufficient evidence-drawing a conclusion about a population based on a sample that is not large enough. For example, if someone is driving the car and a woman cut him off on the freeway and that person establishes the reason that â€Å"All women are bad drivers†. So, this type of assumption that the reason for her bad driving is her gender is a stereotype. Men can also be bad drivers. It is always thought that women are inferior to men when it comes to driving, but why? Just because they are easily distracted? Scared to go fast? Never mind the fact that women are most often responsible for getting all the familyShow MoreRelatedWhat is a Stereotype? Essay642 Words   |  3 Pagesï » ¿What is a stereotype? Stereotypes that I am aware of are cultural, groups of i ndividuals, sexual stereotypes, and men vs. women. â€Å"The definition of a stereotype is any commonly known public belief about a certain social group or a type of individual. Stereotypes are often confused with prejudices, because, like prejudices, a stereotype is based on a prior assumption. Stereotypes are often created about people of specific cultures or races. Almost every culture or race has a stereotype, includingRead MoreStereotypes Prejudice:. What Are They, And How Do They1825 Words   |  8 Pages Stereotypes Prejudice: What are they, and how do they affect communication? Today we live in a world of diversity, we have thousands of different cultures that all share the same earth. Due to this fact it is important that all of these different cultures, filled with valuable ideas, beliefs, thoughts, and people be able to communicate. There is many barriers that keep people from different cultures from communicating. Some of them are very obvious, and easy to identify such as language, locationRead MoreThis Is What It Means To Say Phoenix, Arizona: Stereotypes Essay1188 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"This Is What It Means To Say Phoenix, Arizona† discusses the physical and mental journey of Victor, a Native American man in the state of Washington, as he goes to Phoenix, Arizona to claim his father’s remains and his savings account. While on this journey, Victor learns about himself, his father, and his Indian culture with the help of his estranged friend, Thomas Builds-the–Fire. The author, Sherman Alexie, plays on the stereotypes of Nat ive Americans through the characters of Victor and ThomasRead MoreWhy Are Stereotypes Dangerous and What Can Be Done to Reduce Them?3092 Words   |  13 PagesWhy Are Stereotypes Dangerous and What Can Be Done to Reduce Them? Very often, in our everyday life, we tend to make certain generalizations about things and people around us. This is because we are constantly exposed to heaps of information, and in order to cope with the complexity of the world around us, we need to generalize and categorize.[1] Sometimes we do this on purpose, with some intention. However, very often we do this subconsciously, unaware of what we are doing. ManyRead MoreI Learned At A Young Age Of What A Stereotype Really Means764 Words   |  4 PagesI learned at a young age of what a stereotype really means. When people look at me or speak with me, they think I am a simple white girl who grew up in the perfect house. I would say I have spent most of my life being sheltered by my mother. My mother is an amazing woman who had high goals in life for my sister and I. My mom was a single mom raising us alone, she never thought she would face a challenge which is having a deaf daughter. People do not realize being deaf is chall enging in so many waysRead MoreWhy Stereotypes Are Bad And What You Can Do About Them957 Words   |  4 Pages In today’s mainstream society, the media creates various of negative thoughts and stereotypes in different forms. These forms include class, gender, and sexuality. Day by day images or videos go viral creating these negative issues spreading like wildfire throughout the web. For instance, if an image or meme is created and posted online of someone who is identifies themselves as something other than straight, or someone from a low-class people go and share these images just for their entertainmentRead MoreStereotype And P. 107 : Assumptions Of What People Are Like, Whether True Or False2042 Words   |  9 Pages1. Stereotype / p. 107: Assumptions of what people are like, whether true or false. The documentary introduces us to the â€Å"wetbacks,† which is a label given to those who illegally cross the Mexico-U.S. boarder through a river called â€Å"Rio Grande,† without the benefit of a bridge. In details, the documentary follows throughout a journey that some chooses to face, in order to enter the United States. †Thus, wetback characterizes anyone who enters [the United States] illegally from Mexico. The term,Read MoreThe Personality Of A Executive Who Wears A Suit1340 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction In stereotype, people think there are some typically appearance and posture of a leader. The appearance and posture of a typical leader which people usually used to evaluate a leader include tall, a deep voice, a good posture, a touch of grey in his thick, lustrous hair, a fit body and ages. Although there are some people who don’t fit these typical features runs some dynamic businesses in the world. Even Peter Thiel, one of Silicon Valley’s leading investor, introduces a role: neverRead MoreStereotyping : Stereotypes And Stereotyping1494 Words   |  6 Pages In everyday life Stereotypes are used, they are directed towards ethnicity, gender, and education. â€Å"In ethnicity, we have the ideas that each race is a certain way† (Aronson. The impact of stereotypes). Here are a couple of examples for blacks, they all can run fast, and that they are all about the welfare system. â€Å"For Hispanics they are stereotyped as being crazy, loud, lazy, drug dealers, illegal immigrants, and slutty† (Typical stereotypes of Hispanics). The stereotypes of ethnicity is causingRead MoreEssay on Stereotypes are Grounded in Truth1109 Words   |  5 Pagespoint where you only have two choices; either you go left where there is a group of tattooed muscular black men or you go right where you find a group of well dressed white men. What would you do? Your immediate choice would be to stay clear from the group of black men and that you’d be better off going to the right. What just happened here was that you assumed a certain group of huma n beings is more likely to cause you harm than the other. From a very young age we start to categorize things in to

The Balance Of Power And The Cold War - 1619 Words

Critically analyse the balance of power with two examples. The Balance of Power is a fiercely debated topic within the realm of international relations. Its true definition has been impossible to pin down and how it manifests itself has been argued over by many academics, in addition to this the idea is divided between the schools of thought that it is a force for preserving peace or a force for tension and war. This essay will look to examine the balance of power using retrospective analysis of historical events, focusing on the lead up to and the outbreak of WWI and its conclusion and the Cold war. Through this it can be hoped to find a clearer definition of the balance of power, whether it is really a balance analogous to a set of scales and whether the balance of power is a way of preserving peace and stability or whether it is on the whole, better termed as the balance of war, creating only tension and instability. Morganthau (Cited in Haas,1953, pp.445) argues that the Balance of power can be viewed as either a description of any state of international politics in relation to power distribution or a policy or action intending to distribute power. From this framework we can use the balance of power to both understand static moments in history to observe where power lies at that moment in time and to look at how states themselves actively implement foreign policy for their own power related interests whether that be looking to balance the set of scales or to tip themShow MoreRelatedThe Cold War System Theory: Demise of the USSR and Changes in the Balance of Power2098 Words   |  8 Pagesinteresting and at the same time controversial areas of study since the Cold War. The world silent conflagration determined a reconsideration of the way in which politics was conducted and the relations between states at the level of the balance of power and the importance of international actors. One of the most important aspects defined by the theory of international relations takes into account the fact that the balance of power represents a volatile reality that is always determined by the externalRead MoreWorld Wars and The Cold War Essay examples1312 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction The twentieth century saw two lengthy and costly wars, which were then followed by a Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States. World War I was deemed the â€Å"Great War† but many did not anticipate another war after it just a mere twenty years later†¦a war that was even more intense than the previous one. The Cold War that began in 1947 and lasted until 1991 but had the term â€Å"zero-sum game† tethered to it. Two differing political systems, communist and capitalist, were atRead MoreThe Cold War And A Bipolar System1601 Words   |  7 Pagesbelieves that the rise of new nuclear powers is not a matter to be regretted. In Waltz s view, a major war would be essentially inconceivable. Thus, he thinks that more may be better, that what has come to be called nuclear proliferation may really be something to be thankful for (Waltz, 1981, p. 30). However, is that fundamental claim actually valid? Would it be as stable as Waltz suggests? Considering Waltz s analysis and the case study of the Cold War, can nuclear proliferation lead to aRead MoreStructural Realism After The Cold War853 Words   |  4 PagesIn examining Kenneth Waltz s â€Å"Structural Realism after the Cold War,†1 and Andrew Moravcsik s â€Å"Taking Preferences Seriously: A Liberal Theory of International Politics,†2 it is clear that theories presented in each (Realism and Liberalism) are at odds with one another in many ways. But why did the authors reach the conclusions they did about the way that states behave in the international system? This paper seeks to answer that question. In â€Å"Structural Realism...† Waltz defends his theory of StructuralRead MoreThe Cold War And The Pre Wwi Conditions1591 Words   |  7 PagesTo comprehend the significance of Balance of Power, we ought to make the inquiry of what we see by `power’. Although it’s hard to characterize or quota it, power is the capacity to â€Å"do something or act in a particular way† or even Nye (2009:65) contends â€Å"the ability to achieve one’s purposes or goals.† At the end of the day, the possibility to impact other individuals to do what you need them to do. As several academics would approve that balance of power can scarcely have an accurate meaning. InRead MoreWar Is An Inevitable Feature Of International Politics1560 Words   |  7 PagesWar is an inevitable feature of international politics. Assess with reference to liberalism or realism The approximate number of war casualties in the past 100 years is estimated to be 180 million. The Second World War (1939-1945) alone accounts for 60 million fatalities, which commenced with a fascist aggression to the European peace. War has been inevitable over centuries, which has been fought for several reasons; competing ideologies, wealth, religious reasons, chase for power through its militaryRead MoreSoviet Expansion Into Eastern Europe1280 Words   |  6 Pages Security has been disputed to be another driving factor, and possibly the main factor to the cause of the cold war as it is interlinked both with ideology and the nuclear race. For instance, ideology and security both influenced the same event, which in this case was the creation of the Eastern bloc. (Heywood, 2014) stated that Soviet expansion into Eastern Europe was seen as â€Å"defensive rather than aggressive†, motivated essentially by a buffer zone desire. Security was an important factor becauseRead MoreOrigins of the Cold War Essay1295 Words   |  6 PagesOrigins of the Cold War The purpose of this paper is to explore the origins of the Cold War. To accomplish this exploration, the works of W.A. Williams, Robert Jervis, and Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. serves as the foundation. Before a closer examination of these works, a short explanation of the three common viewpoints regarding the study of the Cold War is warranted. These viewpoints are Attribution, Structural, and Misperception. With these viewpoints to guide the way, the above authorsRead MoreThe Cold War as the Result of Fear of Soviet Expansion Essay example1472 Words   |  6 PagesThe Cold War as the Result of Fear of Soviet Expansion At the end of the Second World War only two out of the all the great powers were left standing. Germany and Japan had been crushed in the war and Britain and France were weakened economically and politically. The United States, who had not seen much fighting on her shores, emerged from the war economically and politically intact as a great nuclear power and Russia, although weakened economically, had the largestRead MoreU.s. Foreign Policy Approaches1424 Words   |  6 PagesStates will try to establish a balance of power that restrains aggressive states from dominating weaker ones. The second approach is idealism. This view stresses that states should transform the system into a new international order where peace can prevail. This approach emphases the spread of democracy across the world and the creation of international institutions. Realism and idealism provides an explanation to how U.S. foreign policy has developed since World War Two (WWII), identifies which influential

Analyze the Risks and Find Mitigation Plan †

Question: Discuss about the Analyze the Risks and Find Mitigation Plan. Answer: Introduction The approach or technique which are being adopted by the project manager to manage its three constraints of any project from getting overrun of schedule, then extra expenditure and not matching the quality standards with the available number of resources is called the risk management[1]. Background Silicon Forest State University (SFSU) has many different departments, among all OIT (Office of Information Technology) looks about the Information technology systems. Currently, SFSU was facing the problem in managing the proper track of their ticketing system which is being used to communicate and keep track regarding the issues which are faced on daily basis. So they decided to scrap is old software and configure the new one which is already present in the system but in very few departments only. So for the above discussed job Ron Bashley was selected as the team leader and Harry Bonnett along with Bob Biyon shall support him. Risk Management Plan The procedure developed to handle the situation in case some risks occurs, that what need to be done whether shall accept it, divert it, share it or many more on the basis of pre studied the issue or the opportunities which can be enhanced but using the proper technique is basically the risk management plan. The details and all the steps of the plan shall be discussed with proper examples in below sections[2]. The very first step in the process is to identify the positive and negative risks and then analyze it properly by putting the numbers on the severity and the likelihood of the risk. Accordingly they are categorized and the mitigation plan is developed. Identify Risk Risks of any project can be identified in to two broad categories positive and negative risks[3]. So below table shows the identified risk in the current case with the originators name and date it was first identified. Risk / Opportunity Identification Number Date Logged Raised By Status Type Description and Cause 1 15/08/2017 Bob Biyon Open Opportunity There is the opportunity in the project to finish at the earliest and start using the new ticketing system, this will reduce the risk of down time 2 16/08/2017 Ron Bashley Open Risk There is risk that the communication structure during the project stage fails and no bugs tracker remains stand 3 22/08/2017 Ron Bashley Open Risk There is risk that the installed software 'Request Tracker' could not be configured properly in new areas 4 24/08/2017 Pike Gresham Open Risk There is a risk of few left out information or expectations are missed out and may come up during project execution phase 5 24/08/2017 Harry Bonnett Open Risk there is a risk from the back end of receiving some errored message from user and the action would have taken n thr basis of bug received can harm the system. Table 1: Risk Identification Risk Analysis Now on the basis of the identified risks, the likelihood and the consequence of the risk shall be documented in below format to access the severity and probability of the risks in the project life cycle. Risk / Opportunity Analysis Number Date Logged Raised By Status Type Likelihood Consequence 1 15/08/2017 Bob Biyon Open Opportunity 3 3 2 16/08/2017 Ron Bashley Open Risk 2 5 3 22/08/2017 Ron Bashley Open Risk 3 5 4 24/08/2017 Pike Gresham Open Risk 3 4 5 24/08/2017 Harry Bonnett Open Risk 4 4 Table 2: Risk Analysis The above developed analysis table can be plotted in the likelihood Vs consequence block Risk response plan This step describes the way or procedure to eliminate threat or at least reduce its impact by having the home work done well before the risk occurs[4]. To just categorize, Risk No. 2, 3, 4 and 5 falls in High severity category but the opportunity No. 1 is in Medium category. Following actions can be taken to increase the opportunity and decrease the threat: Category: High Risk No. 2: in such case personally should meet to each other to resolve the issue Risk No. 3: the project must be insured with third party to share the risk Risk No. 4: need to incorporate in the risk register and do similar analysis Risk No. 5: regular basis both the team and members must meet Category: Medium Opportunity No. 1: the opportunity need to be enhanced Monitor and Control Risks This stage deals with the properly monitoring of identified risks at every review meeting, search for new risks need to go on and if something identified must be again routed through the same process to add in the register and check the proper implementation of risks[5]. Justification According to the developed risk matrix, the responses planned are the exact solution possible for the case. All the risks need to be properly monitored in every review meeting so that it remains on the head of every stakeholder so that they can act promptly Conclusion To conclude the whole report on developing the risk management plan, we need to first brainstorm and consider as much as risks which can impact the project in terms of schedule, cost or resources. After the identification are done proper analysis and then their mitigation plan and its monitoring need to be done throughout the project life cycle. References Institute of Risk Management. (2016) About Risk Management. [Online]. Stanleigh. (2017) Risk Managementthe What, Why, and How. [Online]. MITRE Corporation. (2017) Risk Identification. [Online]. (2017) Plan Risk Responses. [Online]. Balakian. (2010, September) Applying the Risk Monitoring and Control Process. [Online].

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Competitive Strategy Business Models

Question: Discuss about the Competitive Strategy for Business Models. Answer: Introduction: It is needless to state that the ulterior aim of any organization is profit maximization, yet in order to enhance the revenue, an organization needs to adopt an effective strategy. The term strategy is often used interchangeably with the term goal, yet it should be remembered that there lies a broad line of demarcation existing between the two words. While goal of an organization is to achieve a few objectives in a given period of time, strategy is a means to achieve the same. With the advent of globalization, most of the organizations expand their business beyond the confines of their locality, and engage in international trade. However, for the successful operation of international trade, an organization has to opt for the most effective global strategy that will help it enjoy competitive advantage over the other organizations (Thompson et al. 2013). Discussion: In a highly competitive market, if any organization is willing to survive, it must keep on experimenting and re-inventing, and modifying what it is doing, and herein lays the importance of a business model innovation. The business model innovation is an important marketing strategy where an organization starts analyzing the consumer behavior and understanding the consumer point of view regarding their immediate demands and needs. Business models have recently become the new basis of competition and this is because defining, innovating and evolving an organizations business model helps an organization enjoy competitive edge over rival organizations (Chesbrough 2013). It is very difficult for an organization to sustain itself in future, if it is unaware of the ways it can reach the members of its target market. Innovation is the only way through which one can create Consumer Value proposition that enables an organization make necessary changes to an existing business model, so that a n ew idea may be implemented in the form of a new business model. The idea of the introduction of a new business model is based on the concept that it will allow the organization offer products or services that is unique and one of a kind, and is hard to be imitated by the rival giant competitors. Again, at the same time, the new business model will also have to let the organization produce a product that is aligned with market trends, and hence will be able to easily capture the attention of the consumers (Leih et al. 2014). It has to be understood that business model innovation is an important strategy adopted by an organization, whereby an organization re-invents, rather than inventing technology. For instance, Amazon could be easily replaced by an e-commerce organization, unless it could adopt an effective strategy that could help it win competitive advantage over the other organizations. Hence, Amazon found a new way to create consumer value, and conduct business, with the help of its new electronic product, Kindle, whose scalable technology poses a serious existential threat to any of the rival competitors, including Apple (Aversa et al. 2015). An innovation can be created by increasing the value of a product offered, or by lowering the price at which it is afforded. In case of Amazon, for example, the Kindle is available at low cost, as a result of which those consumers who cannot afford an I pad, will be drawn to purchase kindle, and agin the product also uses some innovative, unique features like streaming media, that helps it gain competitive advantage over the immediate business rivals (Baden et al. 2013). In a global environment, an organization can flourish only if the cultural, administrative, geographical and economic factors of a foreign country appear favorable. The CAGE framework, as designed by Pankaj Ghemawat, helps an organization understand as well as critically evaluate the impact of distance on a country, keeping into consideration, the four factors that may differ or resemble. The greater the difference between the home country and the foreign country, the more difficult and challenging is it to operate the business activities in the foreign nation (Ghemawat 2015). The cultural factor is an important factor as cultural differences may affect the successful execution of business activities, and may disastrously affect international negotiations. For example, an organization may expand in foreign location, but the foreign employees hired, may have a different perspective about the degree to which he should accept institutional hierarchy at workplace, or regarding his long-t erm or short-term orientation. Again, administrative factors such as rivalry between nations, colonial ties between two nations, or participation in same trading blocs can also influence business operation in a foreign location. For example, because of the political rivalry between USA and Cuba, most of the US firms are prohibited from doing business in Cuba (Ghemawat 2013). Again, geographically speaking, the regional climate, geographical distance, also can affect the extent to which an organization can flourish in a foreign location. Although digital marketing has eliminated the inconvenience brought by geographical factors, yet shorter distance with the suppliers market can remarkably reduce the operational cost of the organization. Economic factors, such as the average income level of the foreign consumer market, the relative purchasing power of the foreign consumers can also influence the organizational success or failure of a firm (Collis 2015). Conclusion: To conclude, it must be remembered that an organization can achieve wider brand recognition, and greater profitability, once it expands its business in foreign locations. However, one of the biggest challenges of international trade is that an organization may lack sufficient knowledge about the differences that exist between two nations, and hence may fail to analyze and assess the impact of distance on their business in a foreign market. Hence, it is important to adopt the CAGE framework, and at the same time, introduce innovation in business, if an organization aims to achieve its business growth goals, in international market. In order to compete and survive in a global environment, and in a highly competitive market situation, an organization should not merely duplicate the business model of other rival giants, or remain content with its own. It must keep on challenging its ideas, and introduce new and original ideas. Reference List: Aversa, P., Haefliger, S., Rossi, A. and Baden-Fuller, C., 2015. From business model to business modelling: Modularity and manipulation.Business models and modelling, pp.151-185. Baden-Fuller, C. and Mangematin, V., 2013. Business models: A challenging agenda.Strategic Organization,11(4), pp.418-427. Chesbrough, H., 2013.Open business models: How to thrive in the new innovation landscape. Harvard Business Press. Collis, D.J., 2015. The Value of Breadth and the Importance of Differences. InEmerging Economies and Multinational Enterprises(pp. 29-33). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Ghemawat, P., 2013.Redefining global strategy: Crossing borders in a world where differences still matter. Harvard Business Press. Ghemawat, P., 2015. From International Business to Intranational Business. InEmerging Economies and Multinational Enterprises(pp. 5-28). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Leih, S., Linden, G. and Teece, D., 2014. Business model innovation and organizational design: a dynamic capabilities perspective. Thompson, A., Peteraf, M., Gamble, J., Strickland III, A.J. and Jain, A.K., 2013.Crafting Executing Strategy 19/e: The Quest for Competitive Advantage: Concepts and Cases. McGraw-Hill Education.